What do Eau De Cologne, Eau De Toilette and Eau De Parfum mean?

What do Eau De Cologne, Eau De Toilette and Eau De Parfum mean?

It's a beautiful day! You've just spent some time in the store smelling all of the lovely perfume selections and have discovered the one you really like. When you pick up the box to buy the perfume, you see it reads "Eau De Toilette." You scratch your head in bemusement, pondering, "What does that mean?" Glancing at various perfume boxes, you'll find that some say Eau De Toilette, while others say Perfume, Eau De Parfum, or Eau De Cologne.

Even the scent you once adored is available in EDT and EDP forms. Which one are you meant to buy now that you're entirely perplexed? You start to wonder whether this is some type of "code" for scent makers. Maybe it's a pointer to where you should spray the perfume! Is EDT intended to be used in the bathroom? Is it true that EDP is for women while EDC is for men? Oh, the conjecture!

In reality, it does have significance. Yes, that is some kind of "code." In fact, it is critical that you comprehend the distinction between EDT and EDP, and so on. So let us look deeper.

To understand what EDT, EDP, and EDC signify, you must first learn what perfume is composed of.

To begin, the word "fragrance" is a nomenclature for any scent that incorporates a specified amount of fragrance oil diluted in alcohol and water. That is, all perfume is composed of three components: alcohol, water, and essential oil. Now that we've established that, we can go on to the "code" you're so interested in.

The distinction amongst these is the number of essential oils in the scent. Straight perfume is the most powerful form of fragrance available. Following that would come to Eau De Parfum, Eau De Toilette, and ultimately Eau De Cologne. The larger the proportion of essential oils, the longer your aroma will linger and the less you will need to use.

Now that you understand the facts, it all comes down to how much fragrance is genuinely in the bottle. So, based on how long you want the scent to last or how strong you want it to be, you must select the appropriate perfume, Eau De Cologne, Eau De Parfum, or Eau De Toilette.

What does Eau De Toilette mean?

This is the most prevalent kind. With a "fragrance concentration ranging between 5% and 15%." It is one of the most popular varieties of scent and is frequently less costly than Eau de Parfum. EDT fragrances typically last 2 to 3 hours. Some belief Eau De Toilette to be for daywear, whereas Eau De Parfum is for nightwear. The name "Eau De Toilette" comes from the French phrase "Faire Sa Toilette," which means "getting ready." So, to return to our initial thoughts, yes and no... EDT is intended for use in the bathroom, not as an air freshener.

What does Eau De Parfum mean?

This form is stronger than EDT but lighter than perfume, with a 15-20% concentration. It nevertheless has long lasting properties, lasting 4 to 7 hours, and is less costly than pure perfume. This type is favored by perfume enthusiasts all over the world since it is suitable for everyday usage while being powerful enough to endure through evening meals. Traditionally, EDP is the finest terminology used to describe a fragrance.

What does Eau De Cologne mean?

This is the lightest of the bunch. A significantly lower concentration of scent than the preceding categories of perfume. EDC contains a high percentage of alcohol and a scent content ranging from 2% to 4%. It is less expensive than other forms of fragrance, but the perfume normally lasts only two hours. EDC often comes in larger bottles, requiring more scents to be utilized. Originally, Eau De Cologne refers to a classic composition that included herb and citrus notes with minimal base note anchoring. So, it's not exclusively for guys, but its origins are centered on a more masculine scent.

Lastly, the ultimate treasure, perfume—this is the most costly and "strongest scent possible." It contains a perfume essence concentration of 20-30%. This means that you not only need to apply less fragrance, but it also lasts longer, often up to 6 hours, depending on skin type.  Some claim the aroma lasts up to 24 hours, sometimes even until the morning. This concentration has a stronger fragrance and is often recommended for individuals with sensitive skin.

Difference Table:

The following table summarises the differences between Eau de Cologne, Eau de Toilette, and Eau de Parfum:


Eau de Cologne

Eau de Toilette

Eau de Parfum





Scent Duration

1-2 hours

2-3 hours

3-5 hours

Scent Strength




Ideal Usage Time









One of the most important aspects of any perfume is its concentration. The concentration of a perfume refers to the amount of essential oils or perfume oils in the fragrance. This concentration has a direct impact on the fragrance's strength, longevity, and price. In this article, we will explore the different types of perfumes based on their concentration.

Perfume or Parfum

Perfume or Parfum is the most concentrated form of fragrance. It typically contains 15-30% fragrance oils, which are dissolved in a base of alcohol, water, and sometimes other solvents. Due to its high concentration, perfume has the strongest and long lasting perfume of all fragrances. 

It can last for up to 24 hours on the skin, and a single application can be enough to last the whole day. Perfume is the most expensive type of fragrance due to its high concentration of oils and its long-lasting nature.

Eau de Parfum (EDP)

Eau de Parfum (EDP) is a slightly lighter and less concentrated version of perfume. It typically contains 10-20% fragrance oils, which are diluted in a base of alcohol and water. EDPs are less strong than perfumes but still have a long-lasting fragrance that can last for up to 8 hours on the skin. They are usually less expensive than perfumes and are a good choice for those who want a long-lasting fragrance without the high cost.

Eau de Toilette (EDT)

Eau de Toilette (EDT) is a lighter and more refreshing version of fragrance than EDP. It typically contains 5-15% fragrance oils, which are diluted in a base of alcohol and water. EDTs have a fresh, clean scent that is perfect for everyday wear.

 They are less strong than EDPs but still have a lasting fragrance that can last for up to 4 hours on the skin. EDTs are usually less expensive than EDPs, making them a popular choice for those who want a high-quality fragrance at an affordable price.

Eau de Cologne (EDC)

Eau de Cologne (EDC) is a light and refreshing fragrance that typically contains 2-4% fragrance oils, which are diluted in a base of alcohol and water. EDCs have a short-lasting fragrance that can last for up to 2 hours on the skin. 

They are perfect for use as a body splash or a refreshing fragrance on a hot summer day. EDCs are the most affordable type of fragrance and are a good choice for those who want a quick and refreshing scent.


If you weren't already convinced, this should have persuaded you that fragrance is a real art form, not merely an olfactory hunch of "this smells wonderful" and "this doesn't." Test out all the variants before purchasing your next scent. Also, be sure to pay attention to what time of day and time of year you'll be wearing the fragrance because "All of it matters."


  • Which is better: Eau De Toilette or Parfum?
Parfum is generally more concentrated and longer-lasting than eau de toilette, but the better option depends on personal preference.
  • What are the 3 types of Perfumes?
The three types of perfumes are eau de parfum, eau de toilette, and eau de cologne.
  • Which Perfume is strongest?
Parfum is the strongest type of perfume, followed by eau de parfum, eau de toilette, and eau de cologne.
  • Which is better cologne or Perfume or Eau De Toilette?

The better option between cologne, perfume, and eau de toilette depends on personal preference and desired strength of the fragrance.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.